This article needs additional citations for verification. The Schuman Declaration is the statement made by the French foreign minister Robert Schuman on 9 May 1950. It proposed to place French and German production of coal l’Europe de Robert Schuman PDF steel under one common High Authority. Schuman’s speech did not fall on deaf ears, as West German Chancellor Adenauer responded swiftly with a positive reply as did the governments of the Netherlands, Belgium, Italy and Luxembourg.
Within one year, on 18 April 1951, the six founding members signed the Treaty of Paris. Map showing details of the 1946 French proposal for the detachment of the Ruhr area and parts of the Rhineland from Germany. With the desire not to repeat such destruction, there was a strong momentum towards European co-operation. Anxious to see greater European economic integration in order to be able to form a block against the Soviet Union, the US used the Marshall Plan to force the adoption of more open markets as a prerequisite to receive aid.
The United States also directly funded prominent European pro-federalists through the government funded American Committee on United Europe. 1950, designed to increase French steel production at the expense of Germany, France had absorbed the Saarland, a center for coal mining, from Germany and turned it into a protectorate. In speeches before the United Nations, Schuman announced that a revitalized Germany must be placed inside a European democracy. Schuman had stated that the idea of a European Coal and Steel Community dated from before he attended university. He spoke about the principles of sharing European resources in a supranational union at the signing of the Statute of the Council of Europe in London, 5 May 1949.
It claimed to improve the world economy and of the developing countries, such as those in Africa. Hans Ritschl, Schuman made a speech arguing that the Schuman Plan was really a continuation of the Monnet Plan, and that it was solely for the sake of supporting French steel exports that they had taken on that task. Hans Ritschl says this speech was never intended to reach German ears. You can help by adding to it. The Declaration itself was first drafted by Paul Reuter, Schuman’s colleague and the lawyer at the Foreign ministry.
It was edited by Jean Monnet and others including Schuman’s Directeur de Cabinet, Bernard Clappier. The draft documents of the Declaration have been published by the Jean Monnet Foundation. In his introductory remarks, Schuman revealed that this seemingly technical, social and industrial innovation would have huge political repercussions, not only for European democracy but for bringing democratic liberty to other areas such as Soviet-controlled Eastern Europe, to aid the developing countries and for establishing world peace. The Schuman Declaration marked the beginning of post-World War II Franco-German cooperation and the re-integration of West Germany into Western Europe. Konrad Adenauer, Chancellor of West Germany, said of the declaration, « That’s our breakthrough. The Declaration is viewed as one of the main founding events of the EU. What were Schuman’s purposes in creating a European Community?
DER SCHUMANPLAN: DIE NEUE RUHRBEHÖRDE Professor Dr. The United States and the Schuman Plan. Political Economy versus National Sovereignty: French Structures for German Economic Integration after Versailles. Inventing the ‘People’s Europe’: Critical Approaches to European Community ‘Cultural Policy.
The European Communities and the Construction of Europe. The Schuman Plan: Sovereign Powers of the European Coal and Steel Community. American Journal of International Law 47. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Schuman Declaration. The 9th may’s declaration : which past for an inheritance? Parliament offers several options for traineeships within its Secretariat, to provide opportunities for vocational training and for learning more about what the European Parliament is and does.