Jump to navigation Jump to search « François Rabelais PDF » redirects here. Rabelais had studied Ancient Greek and he applied it in inventing hundreds of new words in the text, some of which became part of the French language. Wordplay and risqué humor abound in his writing.
Entre réalité et légende, la vie de Rabelais nous est connue par des témoignages contemporains et par ses œuvres qui ont pour toile de fond des lieux où il a séjourné. Chez les moines, il reçoit l’essentiel de sa formation. Il leur doit aussi cette crudité de langage dont sont entachés les sermons populaires. Au contact des humanistes, il étudie les lettres grecques et latines. En homme polyvalent de la Renaissance, il touche à tous les savoirs tant profanes que sacrés. Docteur de la célèbre faculté de Montpellier, il devient médecin-secrétaire des grands. Son œuvre, qui obtient un immense succès mais suscite de vives polémiques, illustre parfaitement l’esprit humaniste de la Renaissance. Sous le couvert de l’invention verbale et du rire, parce que » le rire est le propre de l’homme » ; il se sert de son érudition pour dénoncer les travers de la société et donner sa vision du monde. Car, selon lui, » science sans conscience n’est que ruine de l’âme « .
Although different editions divide the work into a varying number of tomes, the original book is a single novel consisting of five volumes. The full modern English title for the work commonly known as Pantagruel is The Horrible and Terrifying Deeds and Words of the Very Renowned Pantagruel King of the Dipsodes, Son of the Great Giant Gargantua and in French, Les horribles et épouvantables faits et prouesses du très renommé Pantagruel Roi des Dipsodes, fils du Grand Géant Gargantua. This early Gargantua text enjoyed great popularity, despite its rather poor construction. At the beginning of this book, Gargantua’s wife dies giving birth to Pantagruel, who grows to be as giant and scholarly as his father. Rabelais gives a catalog of his reading, mostly humorously-titled books, and judgements in nonsensical legal cases.
Abbey of Saint-Victor, » states Bodemer in his essay, « Rabelais and the Abbey of Saint-Victor Revisited ». Together with a group of friends, they intoxicate an army of invading giants, burn their camp, and drown survivors in urine. Epistemon, decapitated in the fray, recovers when Panurge sews his head back to his body. He reports that souls in hell are poorly paid and work bad jobs, but that’s the extent of their torments. Gargantua and « Pilgrims eaten in salads, illustration Gustave Doré, 1873. After the success of Pantagruel, Rabelais revisited and revised his source material.
This volume begins with the miraculous birth of Gargantua after an 11-month pregnancy. The labor is so difficult, his mother threatens to castrate his father, Lord Grandgousier. The giant Gargantua emerges at his mother’s left ear, calling for ale, while 17,913 cows were required for the provision of his daily milk. He steals the bells of St. Anthony, but gives them back after a sophist makes ludicrously self-centered appeals for their return. While he studies diligently in Paris, the neighboring Lord Picrochole’s bakers are insulted and attacked by Grandgousier’s shepherds.
A massive retaliatory strike against Grandgousier’s lands is finally halted at Seville by the merciless Friar John. Grandgousier sues for peace, but Picrochole arrogantly rebuffs him. Also as a reward, Friar John is given funds to establish the « anti-church » Abbey of Thélème, which has become one of the most notable parables in Western philosophy. It can be considered a point-by-point critique of the educational practices of the age, or a call for free schooling, or a defense of all sorts of notions on human nature.