Ahmed Sekou Toure (T8) 1922 1984 President de la Guinee 1958 1984 PDF

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Le dernier tome de cette biographie d’Ahmed Sékou Touré est un volume d’annexes permettant d’illustrer ou d’expliquer certains aspects de la vie et de la personnalité du leader guinéen. On y trouvera une description détaillée des relations entre De Gaulle et Sékou Touré, une longue interview de l’auteur au lendemain de la mort du président guinéen, deux analyses graphologiques, deux analyses de son art oratoire, une chronique détaillée de sa vie, une bibliographie, un Cd d’une centaine de photos.

Please add a reason or a talk parameter to this template to explain the issue with the article. This article needs additional citations for verification. Guinean political leader who was the first President of Guinea, serving from 1958 until his death in 1984. A devouted Muslim from the Mandinka ethnic group, Sékou Touré was the great grandson of the powerful Mandinka Muslim cleric Samori Toure who established an independent Islamic rule in part of West Africa. He was re-elected unopposed to four seven-year terms in the absence of any legal opposition. He imprisoned or exiled his strongest opposition leaders.

It is estimated that 50,000 people were killed under his regime. Sékou Touré was born on January 9, 1922, into a Muslim family in Faranah, French Guinea, then a colony of France. He was enrolled in the Georges Poiret Technical College in Conakry in 1936 but was expelled less than a year later at the age of 15 for leading a student protest against the quality of food and quickly became involved in labor union activity. Touré first became politically active while working for the PTT. French West Africa and French Togoland.

The RDA agitated for the decolonization of Africa, and included representatives from all the French West African colonies. 1953 to force the implementation of a new overseas labor code. He was later elected to Guinea’s Territorial Assembly the same year. In 1957, he organized the Union Générale des Travailleurs d’Afrique Noire, a common trade union centre for French West Africa. He was a leader of the RDA, working closely with Félix Houphouët-Boigny, who later was elected as president of the Ivory Coast. Touré served for some time as a representative of African groups in France, where he worked to negotiate for the independence of France’s African colonies. In September 1958, Guinea participated in the referendum on the new French constitution.

In 1958, Touré’s PDG, pushed for a « No » in the French Union referendum sponsored by the French government. Upon hearing of Toure’s choice on the matter, General de Gaulle responded, « Then all you have to do is vote ‘no’. I pledge myself that nobody will stand in the way of your independence. In the event, the rest of Francophone Africa gained independence two years later in 1960. In 1960, Touré declared the PDG to be the only legal party, though the country had effectively been a one-party state since independence. For the next 24 years, Touré effectively held all governing power in the nation. PDG he was the only candidate.